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Rule VIII.—"Hanare"
(Quitting or discharging)

After considering all the rules mentioned above as to the various positions, we have to study the process of discharging the arrow. This is called "Hanare." As hitting the mark is, to a great extent, dependent upon the soundness of the "Hanare," this process must be thoroughly understood.

When the arrow is fully drawn, the archer should take aim at the centre of the mark with the right eye. While aiming at the mark, the bow arm, as mentioned in Rule VII. should be kept on pushing forwards very slowly, evenly, and naturally. But this only should be done bearing in mind that the archer is not particularly moving either the left hand or the right hand, but he is expanding his chest. In short, it is most undesirable that the drawing should be done by stretching the arm beyond the natural limit.

Fig. 6-Hanare;
Fig. 6—Hanare

When the archer thinks his aim is correct, he loosens the thumb of the right hand, and thus the arrow flies, the bow at the same time turning in the hand, the string striking the outside of the arm.

When the archer is not well trained, it is quite common to see the right hand follow the string as if it were pulled by it. Therefore it is laid down that beginners in archery should discharge the arrow with more force than necessary, and on an assumption that he is going to strike his back with his elbow. Even after discharging the arrow the archer should look at the target.