Previous to the year 1870 no archer, with the exception of Mr. Horace Ford, had succeeded in making a score of 1,000 or upwards at a public meeting on the Double York Round. Since that date the following scores have been made at public meetings, or at the Autumn Handicap of the Royal Toxophilite Society:--
|1870||Capt. C. H. Fisher||Grand Western||225||1,033|
|1872||,, ,,||,, ,,||218||1,060|
|1881||Mr. H. H. Palairet||Royal Tox. Handicap||210||1,062|
|1882||,, ,,||Crystal Palace||221||1,025|
|1883||Mr. C. E. Nesham||Royal Tox. Handicap||220||1,010|
|1886||,, ,,||Grand National||202||1,022|
|1888||,, ,,||Royal Tox. Handicap||231||1,023|
|1889||Mr. F. L. Govett||,, ,,||225||1,039|
|1893||Mr. F. A. Govett||Crystal Palace||214||1,004|
It is noteworthy that all these archers are members of the Royal Toxophilite Society.
The above record is striking evidence of the improvement that has taken place in archery of late years, but archers cannot remain satisfied until they have surpassed the deeds of Mr. Ford. At the present time, although the general level of shooting is creditable, yet there is no single archer of surpassing excellence. A striking proof of this may be produced in the fact that no fewer than nine gentlemen who are still shooting have held the Championship.
So far, the scores of gentlemen only have been examined, but an equal improvement has taken place in the scores of ladies. In one respect, the ladies of the present day have an advantage over the gentlemen, inasmuch as they have not to stand a comparison with any archeress of the past of the calibre of Mr. Horace Ford. Indeed, two ladies of the present day, Miss Legh and Mrs. Bowly, are undoubtedly superior to any of their predecessors, the only lady who runs them close being Miss Legh's mother, Mrs. Piers Legh. An examination of the list of the ladies who have won the title of championess, given at the end of this chapter, will show this at a glance, and will also establish beyond a doubt the superiority of our modern archeresses over those of former days. The following ladies have made scores of over 800 on the Double National Round at public meetings, or over 400 on the Single National Round of four dozen arrows at 60 yards and two dozen at 50 at the Ladies' Day of the Royal Toxophilite Society. At this last meeting a larger number of lady competitors usually enter than at any of the public meetings, and it is as searching a test of skill as any competition held during the year.
SCORES OVER 800 ON THE DOUBLE OR OVER 400 ON THE SINGLE
|1867||Royal Tox., Ladies' Day||Miss S. Dawson (Mrs. Rutt)||70||406|
|1875||,, ,,||Mrs. Butt||69||401|
|1881||Grand Western (Bath)||Miss Legh||144||840|
|1885||Crystal Palace||,, ,,||143||809|
|1885||Leamington||Mrs. Piers Legh||142||864|
|1890||Royal Tox., Ladies' Day||,, ,, ,,||70||400|
|1890||Crystal Palace||Miss Legh||142||862|
|1892||Royal Tox. Ladies' Day||,, ,,||70||436|
|1893||G.N.A.,S. (Eastbourne)||,, ,,||140||804|
|1894||Crystal Palace||Mrs. Bowly||140||822|
|1894||Royal Tox., Ladies' Day||,, ,,||70||426|
|1894||,, ,, ,,||Miss Legh||71||413|
|1894||G.N.A,.S. (Cheltenham)||Mrs. Bowly||133||823|
Of these thirteen grand scores, no fewer than six were made by Miss Legh, and she is undoubtedly the finest archeress we have yet seen. The actual highest record is held by Mrs. Piers Legh, who, with the present championess, Mrs. Bowly, holds the second place. Miss Legh is the only archer of either sex who has ever succeeded in shooting through the two days of a public meeting without dropping a single arrow. Mrs. Butt's performances were far in advance of any archeress of her day, and still entitle her to be reckoned one of the four best lady archers.
|190. Mrs. C. Bowly, Championess, 1893.|
The great excellence of certain lady archers at the present day led to an interesting match in the grounds of the Royal Toxophilite Society in 1891, between picked teams of ladies and gentlemen at 60 yards, six dozen arrows being shot. This match resulted in a somewhat easy victory for the gentlemen. In 1892, 1893, and 1894 a similar match was shot, but on each of these occasions the ladies shot four dozen arrows at 60 yards, and two dozen at 50 yards, while the gentlemen shot all their arrows at 60 yards. On these terms the ladies won in 1892 and 1894, and the gentlemen in 1893. No doubt some allowance ought to be made to the ladies in the matter of distance, as, though the liability to lateral error is the same in each case, the average trajectory of the men's arrows at 60 yards is undoubtedly lower than the average of the ladies at that range, and therefore the 'dangerous space' is somewhat longer. The ladies are fully capable of shooting six dozen arrows at their best level, and therefore the men get no advantage ln staying power by their superior physical strength. Taking all points into consideration, the terms of the matches in 1892 and 1893 may be considered about fair.
NOTES TO THE TABLE OF WINNERS OF THE CHAMPIONSHIP ON NEXT PAGE
In 1844 a Single York Round was shot.
In 1845 the ladies shot 96 arrows at 60 yards.
In 1847 the ladies shot 144 arrows at 60 yards.
In 1848 the ladies shot 72 arrows at 60 yards, and 72 at 50 yards.
In 1850 the ladies shot 72 arrows at 60 yards, and 36 at 50 yards.
On all other occasions the ladies shot the Double National Round and the gentlemen the Double York Round.
The following archers made the highest score at the National Meeting, but lost the Championship on the points:--
|1849||Mr. A. P. Moore||173||747|
|1880||Mrs. Piers I.egh||124||600|
|1884||Major C. H. Fisher||191||941|
|1889||Rev. C. J. Perry Keene||177||859|
LIST OF LADIES AND GENTLEMEN WHO HAVE WON THE CHAMPIONSHIP FROM 1844 TO 1894 AND THEIR SCORES
|1844||York||No ladies shot||-||-||Rev. J. Higginson||53||221|
|1845||,, ,,||Miss Thelwall||48||186||Mr. P Muir||135||537|
|1846||,, ,,||No ladies shot||-||-||Mr. Hubback||117||519|
|1847||Derby||Miss Wylde||65||245||Mr. P. Muir||153||631|
|1848||,, ,,||Miss J. Barrow||47||167||Mr. E. Maitland||135||581|
|1849||,, ,,||Miss Temple||55||189||Mr. H. A. Ford||176||702|
|1850||Edinburgh||Mrs. Calvert.||47||161||,, ,,||193||899|
|1851||Leamington||Miss Villiers||108||504||,, ,,||193||861|
|1852||,, ,,||Miss Brindley||84||336||,, ,,||188||788|
|1853||,, ,,||Mrs. Horniblow||89||365||,, ,,||202||934|
|1854||Shrewsbury||Mrs. Davison||109||489||,, ,,||234||1,074|
|1855||,, ,,||,, ,,||115||491||,, ,,||179||809|
|1856||Cheltenham||Mrs. Horniblow||109||487||,, ,,||213||985|
|1857||,, ,,||Miss H. Chetwynd||128||634||,, ,,||245||1,251|
|1858||Exeter||Mrs. Horniblow||101||457||,, ,,||214||1,076|
|1859||,, ,,||Miss Turner||122||630||,, ,,||205||951|
|1860||Bath||Mrs. E. Lister||112||550||Mr. G. Edwards||188||886|
|1861||Liverpool||Mrs. Atkinson||113||575||,, ,,||175||745|
|1862||Worcester||Mrs. Horniblow||128||660||,, ,,||194||902|
|1863||Oxford||,, ,,||116||478||Mr. P. Muir||179||845|
|1864||Alexandra Palace||Miss Betham||129||693||Mr. G. Edwards||189||897|
|1865||Clifton||,, ,,||124||606||Mr. E. A Holmes||174||788|
|1866||Norwich.||,, ,,||130||662||Mr. G. Edwards||192||900|
|1867||Brighton||Mrs. Lister||130||696||Mr. H. A.Ford||215||1037|
|1868||Hereford||Miss Betham||128||672||Mr. W. Rimington||187||807|
|1869||Birmingham||Mrs. Horniblow||123||629||,, ,,||191||909|
|1870||Bath||,, ,,||134||700||Mr. E. A Holmes||183||807|
|1871||Cheltenham||,, ,,||138||746||Capt. C. H. Fisher||205||955|
|1872||,, ,,||,, ,,||136||660||,, ,,||175||771|
|1873||Leamington||,, ,,||142||764||Major C. H. Fisher||198||898|
|1874||Winchester||Mrs. Pond||132||644||,, ,,||193||873|
|1875||Richmond (Surrey)||Miss Hollins||133||693||Mr. G. E. S. Fryer||198||876|
|1876||Sandown Park||Mrs. W. Butt||138||752||Mr. H. H. Palairet||181||773|
|1877||Doncaster||,, ,,||126||676||Mr. W. Rimington||163||703|
|1878||Tunbridge Wells||Mrs. Marshall||132||692||Mr. H. H. Palairet||202||932|
|1879||Cheltenham||,, ,,||130||708||Mr. R. Walters||187||729|
|1180||Shrewsbury||Mrs. Horniblow||133||593||Mr. H. H. Palairet||195||897|
|1881||Sutton Coldfield||Miss Legh||139||763||,, ,,||191||849|
|1882||Leamington||Mrs. Piers Legh||134||750||,, ,,||195||885|
|1883||Cheltenham .||,, ,,||138||712||Mr. C. J. Longman||193||869|
|1884||Windsor||,, ,,||135||701||Mr. C. E. Nesham||208||902|
|1885||Gt. Malvern||,, ,,||135||749||,, ,,||211||917|
|1886||Bath||Miss Legh||136||726||,, ,,||202||1,022|
|1887||Cheltenham.||,, ,,||141||773||Major C. H. Fisher||199||849|
|1888||York||,, ,,||136||732||Mr. C. E. Nesham||172||820|
|1889||Oxford||,, ,,||128||690||Mr. Gregson||198||832|
|1890||Southampton||,, ,,||138||798||Mr. C. E. Nesham||207||921|
|1891||Worcester||,, ,,||138||798||Mr. F. L. Govett .||188||818|
|1892||Eastbourne||,, ,,||140||804||Mr. G. E. S. Fryer||202||850|
|1893||York||Mrs. Bowly||139||779||Mr. Gregson||172||656|
|1894||Cheltenham||,, ,,||133||823||Rev. E. W. Hussey||185||787|
 This table is taken from the table in the Archer's Register, but three inaccuracies in the latter are corrected.