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Toxophilus, Notes for the Second Book of The School of Shooting
The notes are from the Rev. Dr. Giles edition of Toxophilus, 1864-1865.

[1] The instruments of shooting are external.
[2] Those who write of things well-known, seldom extend their care to time in which they may be known less. This account of the bracer is somewhat obscure. It seems to have been a kind of close sleeve laced upon the left arm.
[3] The note which contains the former editor's suggestion for correcting this verse is omitted. If he had looked at the first three editions, he would have seen that the word quoth had been left out in two places.
[4] Thermes, or tharms, are guts.
[5] Tillering is a word of art which I do not understand.
[6] Pith is strength, sprightliness, vigour, power of action.
[7] There is no mention of wooden cases before, therefore it should perhaps be wool cases, unless something be left out by the printer.
[8] The 1st edition has ware, the 2nd and the 3rd read bestowe.
[9] Boyle somewhere mentions a Pole, who related that the cold of his country's winters broke his bow.
[10] Seasoned for casting, that is, well seasoned to hinder it from warping.
[11] This account of the qualities of the ash, which is represented as having some peculiar power of swiftness, is obscure. He probably means, that ash is the wood which a quantity proper for an arrow, has weight enough to strike hard, and lightness enough to fly far.
[12] Compass heavy seems to signify proportionately heavy.
[13] Leath is limber, flexible, easily giving way. Milton calls it lithe.
[14] If it be true, as I believe it is, that a shaft turns round in flying, it is not true that triangular shafts are good for piercing, as has been said by the author, nor that Commodus could intercept the neck of a bird between the two points of a half-moon.
[15] Profit and last, convenience and duration.
[16] This alludes to the actions of the Romish priest in public benedictions. This passage may explain a very obscure phrase in Spenser, who calls waving the sword in circles, blessing the sword.
[17] To fear is to terrify.
[18] The down wind, &c. This passage I do not fully understand.