Plate 27: Flaking Tools and Products
Fig. 1.—Aboriginal bone—pointed arrowflaker. This is from the Yurok tribe in northwestern California and illustrates the type used by the Yahi before iron was known. Length, 17 3/8 inches. University of California Museum of Anthropology, specimen number ?—2496.
Fig. 2.—Iron flaker made and used by Ishi while in captivity. Number 1—19591.
Fig. 3.—Flaker for fine retouching.
Fig. 4.—Leather pad to cover the ball of the hand in flaking.
Fig. 5.—Bone struck a glancing blow in order to detach pieces from a lump of obsidian.
Fig. 6.—Stone used as a mallet to strike bone.
Fig. 7.—Obsidian struck from a larger mass.
Fig. 8.—Flake as detached previous to the retouching process.
Fig. 9.—Obsidian arrow point taking shape.
Fig. 10.—Obsidian arrow nearing completion.
Fig. 11.—Completed obsidian arrow point.
Fig. 12.—Minute flakes and chips detached in the retouching.
Fig. 13.—A small, broad arrow point of obsidian. Length, 1 inch; width, 11/16 inch; thickness, 1/8 inch; weight, 15 grains.
Fig. 14.—Long, narrow arrowhead made of plate glass. Ishi made many such show pieces. They are too long and fragile for use.
Fig. 15.—Obsidian arrowhead. Length, 2 inches; width 15/16 inch; thickness, 1/4 inch; weight, 60 grains.
Fig. 16.—Glass arrowhead, made from a blue medicine bottle.
Fig. 17.—A glass arrowhead, made from a brown beer bottle. Length, 3 inches; width, 1 inch; thickness 3/16 inch; weight 90 grains.