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The Japanese Yano Ne
Part 3 of 10

Left–hand: Odoru,"Go Quickly."
Right-hand: Fudu-nuo-ko.
    (Van Horne Collection.)

(1, 2) Hokko (lance or halbert). (3) Shinogi (protector).
(4) Ko Hokko (small lance). (5) Hira Hokko (flat lance). (6) Avi-ne (asarum, hollyhock).

Except for Mr. Gilbertson's admirable paper, next to nothing has been printed in English concerning Japanese arrows. Nothing is obtainable in book form at any Japanese book-stores, and the only book information I have been able to get hold of in Japan are two manuscript books, catalogues rather, belonging to Mr. K. Okakura, the eminent art connoisseur of Tōkyo. Mr. Okakura has a considerable collection of yano ne, nearly all of which are of the earlier types. One of his manuscript books is the descriptive and illustrated catalogue of a collection of arrowheads, compiled by a Nagoya connoisseur previous to the Restoration. Each of his specimens is illustrated and described, and the signature of the swordsmith is given. The other book, a copy of which Mr. Okakura kindly consented to let me have made to accompany this paper, contains line drawings of eighty-six yano ne chosen from books of design in the library of the Kaga School of Industrial Art at Kanazawa, province of Kaga. This epitome of many albums of yano ne designs after the Yoshida style, or the school of archery, practised by the masters of the house of Maéda, or Princes of Kaga, was made by Gamō Yasuyuki of Kanazawa. It has its chief value in giving the names of the many different shapes of blades for arrow-points. It is reproduced in Figs. 1 to 15.

(7) Mata-kuri (cotton boll). (8) Omodaka (water-plantain). (9) Hira Hokko (flat lance). (10) Yamagata (hill-shape), (11) Shin-ju-monji (true cross), (12) Tsuki-tsurugi (moon's edge).

Left-hand: Confucian Text: "Think No Wrong."
Large centre: Bonten-tai-shaku, "A Warrior Spirit, Like Marishiten."
Swordsmith, Yoshimichi Morikuni.
    (Van Horne Collection.)

Of all the objects that help to complete the warrior's full panoply, these ornamental arrow-heads seem to be the least known and collected by either Japanese or foreign connoisseurs. For that reason, too, the yano ne has to this day escaped the attention of the counterfeiters and the dealers in imitations of ancient armour and weapons. Sheet-iron spear-heads, and armour made of strips of lacquered tin, with aniline-dyed cords of raw silk, are too frequent in the curio shops to-day. The stores of ancient armour and weapons have been steadily drawn upon for thirty years, and the country slowly drained of swords and short swords, sword-guards and sword-furniture, and the precious old metal armour of the great masters, and also the string armour of showy Tokugawa times. The picturesque and decorative old hats, bows, spears, and quivers next followed, and their fraudulent reproduction for the cheap curio market was long since begun. As no use was found for the ordinary lance-shaped arrow-head pierced with conventional cherry blossoms or boar's eye, these small objects of actual use still rust neglected in all the curio shops. They are too small to lend themselves well to any decorative scheme, and of such good steel that they cannot be well made use of again. These arrowheads, for the feathered shafts that the archers used in battle, and the young Samurai were trained to speed in tournaments, were manufactured wholesale at Nagoya, in Kaga, and Echizen.

(13) Ganko-naoshi (wild goose's beak). (14) Ko-Hira-ne (small flat arrow). (15) O'Yana-giba (large willow leaf). (16) Yoroi Ooshi (armour-piercer). (17) Sabao (mackerel's tail). (18) Tsurugi Tukcha (bamboo leaf blade).

(19). Tsuba me guchi (sparrow's bill), (20) Sakana Kashida (fish's head). (21) Kainari (shellfish), (22) Mitsu mata (three prongs). (23) Imo me hirane (flat wild boar's eye). (24) Imo me takeha (bamboo leaf with boars eye cutting).