Arrows of Tribes about Puget Sound, Washington and British Columbia
FIG. 1. SHAFT, of cedar. No feathers. Head, a triangular piece of hoop iron inserted into the end of the shaft and seized with twisted sinew. The shaft is ornamented with a spiral band of black. Length of shaft, 32 1/2 inches.
Cat. No. 650, U. S. N. M. Makah Indians, Cape Flattery. Collected by J. G. Swan.
FIG. 2. SHAFT, of spruce. Head, of iron, inserted into split end of the shaft. Seized with sinew cord. Feathers, three, lashed on with sinew thread. Nock, expanding. Length of arrow, 30 inches.
Cat. No. 650, U. S. N. M. Makah Indians, Cape Flattery. Collected by George. Gibbs.
FIG. 3. SHAFT, of cedar, tapering both ways from the middle. Seized at the front end with birch bark. Into this end is driven one or more barbed points, of brass or iron wire, pounded flat at the point. One or two barbs filed upon the edges. Feathers, two, laid on flat and seized in place by spruce or birch bark. The nock expands gradually from the feather to the end, where it is spread conspicuously. The noticeable features of this arrow are the following: First, the barbed metallic points taking the place of the ancient bone barbs of Wilkes's time; second, the seizing by means of nar row ribbons of spruce or birch bark; third, the feathers laid on flat, after the fashion of the Eskimo; fourth, exaggerated widening of the butt of the arrow at the nock. There are many specimens of this type in the National Museum. Length: shaft, 2 feet 11 inches; foreshaft, 6 1/2 inches.
Cat. No. 72656, U. S. N. M. Makah Indians, Wakashan stock, Washington. Collected by J. G. Swan.
FIG. 4. Similar to fig. 3, with difference in shape of metal point.
FIG. 5. SHAFT, spindle-shaped. Feathers, two, laid flat, after the manner of the Eskimo, and seized with narrow strips of bark. Nock, angular, long; ornamented with a wrapping of red flannel, the end of the feather being at least two inches from the end of the arrow. It widens out very rapidly toward the end. Notch, angular. The point, a long spindle of bone with its shallow barbs on one side inserted in a cavity at the end of the shaft and neatly seized with bark. Total length of shaft, 28 inches.
Cat. No. 76295, U. S. N. M. Makah Indians, Wakashan stock. Collected by J. G. Swan.
FIG. 6. SHAFT, of cedar. Feathers, three, 10 inches long, closely shorn, seized with strips of bark and a bird's feather nicely laid on. The shaft of the arrow is thickest in the middle and tapers in both directions toward the nock where it is smallest, widening out toward the end. Nock, angular. Two points of wood are fastened to the end of the shaft with a neat seizing of bark. In this sample one point is much longer than in the other and the barbs are on the outside. Length, 30 inches.
FIG. 7. SHAFT, similar to that of fig. 6, but there is a single point of bone with barbs on one side. Feathers, two, laid on flat at their ends. Feathering and nock have a separate seizing of bark. Length, 27 inches. Other samples in the same quiver are quite similar in characteristics, with variations in the barbs.
Cat. No. 2790, U. S. N. M. State of Washington. Collected by Capt. Charles Wilkes.
FIG. 8. Quite similar to fig. 6 in general form, but the two feathers are laid on flat and spirally. The nock, however, is much ruder, and the point is a long delicate piece of bone, with small barbs on both sides, inserted into the split end of the shaft and seized with bark. Length, 32 1/2 inches.
Cat. No. 2787, U. S. N. M. Columbia River, Oreg. Collected by Capt. Charles Wilkes.