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Plate LI
Arrows of Southeastern Alaska and Western British Columbia

FIGS. 1 and 2. Four examples of Tlingit arrowheads, three of them with barbed pieces to which the metal heads are riveted. These arrowheads have two functions-that of retrieving the game and that of parting easily from the shaft and rankling in the victim until it dies. These should be compared care fully with stone heads in Old World specimens having very long barbs.

FIG. 3. All in one piece; which widens out into a large cone to form a head; slightly expanding at the nock. The notch is formed by cutting off the end of the arrow into an expanding wedge and then making a very shallow incision across the edge. Painted brown and streaked with red. Length, 38 inches.

Cat. No. 63551, U. S. N. M. Sitka, Alaska. Collected by J. J. McLean.

FIG. 4. SHAFT, of cedar, tapering in two directions. The head is formed of a piece of wire sharpened at one end and driven into the shaft. The other end is flattened and filed to a barb on one side. Similar to fig. 4, Pl. L.

Cat. No. 73547, U. S. N.M. Haidas, Queen Charlotte Islands. Collected by J. G. Swan.

FIG. 5. Similar to fig. 6, excepting the point is of shell.

FIG. 6. SHAFT, of cedar. Foreshaft let in with a wedge-shaped dowel. Head, a thin sheet of bone, sagittate. Feathers, three, fastened at the ends with sinew covered with glue. Nock somewhat flat, as in the Eskimo arrow. The noticeable features of this arrow are the thin head of bone, the fore-shaft, let into the shaft and the flattening nock. Length of shaft, 21 inches; foreshaft, 6 inches.

Cat. No. 20694, U. S. N. M. Bella Coola Indians, Salishan stock, B. C. Collected by J. G. Swan.

FIG. 7. SHAFT, of cedar, tapering both ways from the middle. Shaftment painted black. Feathers, three, seized at each end with sinew and glued fast to the shaftment. Nock, bulbous; notch, U-shaped. Foreshaft, of hard wood neatly doweled into the end of the cedar shaft, seized with sinew, and painted black. The head is a minutely-barbed thin blade of iron, inserted into the foreshaft and seized with sinew. These are the smallest metal arrow-heads found on any arrow in the world. This arrow was found in Mr. Catlin's collection, after his death, without the name of the tribe; but the wood and the delicate finish point to Oregon as its source. Total length, 32 inches.

Not numbered. Oregon. Collected by Mr. Catlin.

Plate LI