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Plate LXIV
Plain Bows. One Example Compound with Sinew Cable Backing

FIG. 1. Bow, of hickory. Rectangular in cross-section. Double curve, tapering toward the ends. Bowstring of very thick three-ply sinew cord. Length, 4 feet.

Cat. No. 129873, U.S. N. M. Arapaho Indians. Nebraska. Collected by H. M. Creel.

FIG. 2. Bow, of willow; oval in section, tapering toward the ends slightly, double curve. Chief characteristic is a piece of wood on the inside of the grip, fastened like the bridge of a violin, and held in place by a buckskin cord to catch the blow of the string in relaxing. The bowstring is a tough one of rawhide. Length, 4 feet 5 inches.

Cat. No. 75455, U. S. N. M. Kutchin, Inland Alaska. Collected by J. J. McLean.

FIG. 3. Bow, of willow; similar to 75455. Evidently unfinished. It is a weak weapon, and the bowstring is made of cotton thread. Length, 4 feet 1 inch.

Cat. No. 63552, U. S. N. M. Kutchin Indians, Inland Alaska. Collected by J. J. McLean.

FIG. 4. COMPOUND BOW, made of three pieces of bone. The foundation is the grip or middle piece, to which the limbs are spliced and riveted. The back of this bow is slightly reenforced by five double strands of braided sinew or sennit, passing along the back from nock to nock, and held in place by a cross wrapping at the middle of the grip. Bowstring is made of four strands of sennit. The ends of this string are attached to loops of raw hide, which pass over the nocks. Length, 2 feet 8 inches.

Cat. No. 34055, U. S. N. M. Eskimo, Cumberland Gulf. Collected by Ludwig Kumlien.

Plate LXIV