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Home > Books > Mason > North American Bows, Arrows and Quivers > Plate LXXXVI
Plate LXXXVI
Tonkawa

FIG. 1. QUIVER, made of cow skin; bow case of mottled cow skin with the hair left on, forming a long close sack. The arrow case is a short, wide sack. Bandolier, broad strip of cow skin. From the ends of bow case, arrow case, and bandolier fringes of cut skin depend. The bow case and arrow-case are sewed together at the margins or raw edges so that in the completed quiver the seams turn inward and are largely concealed. The tool bag is of rawhide and, singularly enough, contains a flint and steel and a powder charger made of the top of a buffalo horn. Length of bow case, 48 inches; arrow case, 28 inches.

Cat. No. 8448. U. S. N. M. Tonkawa Indians, Tonkawan stock, Texas. Collected by H. McElderry, U. S. Army.

NOTE.-After the Government entered into a treaty with the Indian tribes, among the annuities were cattle, and from that time cow skin very largely took the place of other hides in the making of quivers along the Plains of the great West, where buffalo and deer were less abundant. Numbers of Siouan, Caddoan, Kiowan, Algonquian, Shoshonean, and Tonkawan tribes, all made their quivers of cow skin, either with the hair left on or tanned. The bow case and the arrow case were made after the general plan of the example here described.

FIG. 2. Bow, hard wood, hickory, the natural surface of the wood on the back. Section nearly square, tapering slightly toward either end. Notch single on alternate sides. Bowstring of 4-ply twine. Bow has a single curve. Length: 3 feet 11 inches. The arrow is of the Plains type, showing that region and game override social and other anthropological distinctions.

Cat. No. 8448, U. S. N. M. Tonkawa Indians, Caddoan stock, Texas. Collected by H. McElderry. U. S. Army.

Plate LXXXVI
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