Arrows of the Pacific States, from California to Washington
Fig. 1. The shaft is spindle-shaped, tapering to the nock. Feathers, two, held on flat and seized with pack thread. Nock, expanding; notch, angular. Head, a bit of iron wire, inserted in the end of the shaft, which has been pointed for the purpose, and expanded at the end into a leaf-shaped blade. In some samples the barbs have been cut into this leaf shape partly by means of a filing, to enable the hunter to retrieve his game the better. The total length of the shaft is 28 inches.
Cat. No. 127872, U. S. N. M. Quinaielt Indians, State of Washington. Collected by C. Willoughby.
FIG. 2. Similar to fig. 1 in every respect, excepting the point. There are endless varieties in these.
FIG. 3. STEM, a single rod or twig. Point of brown bottle glass inserted into a notch in the end of the shaft and held in place by a broad band of sinew. Feathers, three, seized at the end with sinew. Shaftment painted red. The notch similar to those of the Chinese arrows. Length of arrow, 31$ inches.
Cat. No. 76021, U. S. N. M. Tribe unknown, probably Central California.
FIG. 4. SHAFT, of spruce. Feathers, three, seized with sinew. Nock, cylindrical; notch, angular. The point is a slender spindle of hard wood inserted into the end of the shaft, seized with sinew, and sharpened at the point. This is a very delicate and effective weapon. Total length, 25 inches.
Cat. No. 649, U. S. N. M. Klamath Indians, California. Collected by George Gibbs.
FIG. 5. SHAFT, of twig. Shaftment striped with narrow bands of red and blue. Feathers, three, glued to the shaftment. Nock, cylindrical; notch, very shallow. The head consists of a stone blade and a barb piece of bone. The barb piece is inserted in the end of the shaft and seized with sinew. The barbs are 3/4 of an inch long. The stone blade, of red jasper, is fastened to the bone barb piece by a diagonal lashing of sinew. This device is for the purpose of retrieving. If shot into a fish it enables the hunter to secure the animal and free the arrow. If shot at a burrowing animal and the creature escapes into its hole the hunter has a means of recovering the game. Total length of shaft, 30 inches. The adjoining figure on the left is of the same type with different ribbon.
Cat. Nos. 21353,126576, U. S. N. M. Uroc Indians. Collected by Stephen Powers.
FIG. 6. SHAFT, of reed. Shaftment painted white. Feathers, three, 4 3/4 inches long, seized with sinew. The notch, a shallow cut. Foreshaft, of hard wood. Head, of obsidian, let into the end of the foreshaft and neatly fastened with gum, which is molded to conform to the lines of the arrowhead and to impede as little as possible its flight. This arrow is very neatly made. Length of shaft, 33 inches.
Cat. No. 19709, U. S. N. M. Indians, of Tule River, California. Collected by Stephen Powers.