Notes Chapter 4
See Effay, pg, 64. Archaeologia.|
Virgines in eundem ipfis morem, non otio, neque Ianificio; fed
armis, equis, venalionibus exercebant, inuftis infantum
dexterioribus mammis, ne fagittarum jactus impediretur ; unde
Amazones dictae funt.|
IV. lib. II. and
The derivation of Amazon, from
is by no means agreed upon. This nation is faid to have been a kind
of nunnery, wherein a fociety of women lived without intercourfe
with other ftates, or with men; and hence the
word has admitted another origin, living together, in reference to their feclufion. That a fociety of women
fhould exift alone, is impoffible ; but the fact, is, that the women
undertook the active labours, whilft the men fubmitted to thofe
ufually performed by women. The ancient Egyptians according to
Herodotus, had nearly the fame manners ; and we need not pafs our
own Chores to fee women engaged in all the toils and labours of
agriculture, as well as thofe of domeftic employments, while the men
remain idle at home.
Diod. Siculus, Vol. I.
This circumftance appears to me more unufual than unnatural; for I cannot avoid being of opinion, that in a ftate of nature, the fexes differ but little in bodily power. It is fo with other animals. The appearances in polifhed fociety will argue nothing contrary to the fuppofition, as
habits of inactivity, formed by the force of cuftom, exhibit the
abufed, not the cultivated faculties of the human frame. It is with
equal propriety that it might be urged, the intellectual
faculties of the one fex are inferior to thofe of the other;
but there are few at the prefent day who do not perceive, that it is
an unjuft, though fafhionable education, which enervates the mental
abilities of women, and not the hand of nature. Strength and
knowledge are in a great degree artificial.
|50.||Procopius, pg. 7.—Fol.|
Arab. Lib. 16—pg. 772.
genere, fed magis fallaci, intentos ingen¬tes arcus defigunt
humi longius. Hos praecipui viribus juvenes continent: alii connixi
pari conatu conten-dunt, ac praetereuntibus fagittarum venabula
infigiunt, mox fanguinis veftigiis fequuntur.
8. ch. 8. pg. 439.
Arrian. Rer. Ind. Pg.
Exped. Cyri, p.322. D.
— inter Geograph. Script.
minores. Oxon, 1698. 8vo.
The paffage I have quoted above from: Diodorus Siculus, is thus
explained by the notes.—"Utebantur enim barbari
illi arcubus ternum fere cubitorun; quos ut intenderent, humi
collocabant, pedeque admoto fmiftro; nervum fummis viribus
adducebant." If the reader be an Archer, I will afk him, How
far he ima¬gines a Bow would carry, if placed in the fituation
here named ? In my opinion, the Bow would fly as far as the Arrow,
but in an oppofite direction !|
Hollinfhead, vol. iii. pg. 806.|
This fourth article refts on a very queftionable bafis, as the lines
are difputed by the critics; it is intelligible with great
difficulty in every fenfe.|
See Am. Marcel. pg. 320.||