Notes Chapter 6
It is obferved by one of the great Metaphyftcians of the prefent
day, that the language of mankind may furnifh good evidence of
opinions, (and manners he might have added) which have been early
and univerfally entertained; and that
forms contrived for expref-fing fuch, may remain in ufe after the
opinions (and cuftoms) which gave rife to them, have been greatly
changed.—Effay on Active Powers, pg. 18.
Mr. Gibbon alfo, in Note
36, Chap, 1. fays,— " There is room for a very
interefting work, which fhould lay open the connexion between the
languages and manners of nations."
Calamis Orientis populi bella conficiunt: cala-mis fpicula addunt
irrevocabili hamo noxia. Mortem accelerant pinna addita calamis.
Fitque et ex ipfo telum aliud fracto in vulneribus. His armis Solem
ipfum obumbrant. Propter hoc maxime ferenos dies optant: odere
ventos & imbres, qui inter illos pacem elle cogunt. Ac fi quis
AEthiopas, AEgyptum, Arabas, Indos, Scythas, Bactros, Sarmatarum tot
gentes & Ori-entis, omniaque Parthorum regna diligentius
computet, aequa ferme pars hominum in toto mundo calamis fupe-rata
16, Sec. 65.
" —Apta fretis abies, bellis accommoda cornus."|
This river was not the great Rhine of Germany, but a fmaller one of
that name, rifing in the Appenines, and flowing near Bononia, and is
therefore called by Pliny, in the above paffage, " Rheno
The Arrows ufed by the inhabitants of Tunna ifland, are made of
reeds, pointed with hard wood; fome of them are bearded; and thofe
for killing birds have two, three or fometimes four points.|
Voyage, 1772-1775, Vol
II. Pg.. 82.
The Lycian Arrows, according to the defcription of Herodotus, appear
to have been nearly of this kind, as they were not guided by
feathers. See Herodotus, Lib. 7, pg. 470
See Herodotus, pg. 464.|
See Chamber's Dictionary.|
See Woodward's Letters on Foffils. Let. 2d. to Sir John Hofkyns, Pg,
Lord Bacon has ofeferved what feems very ex¬traordinary, "That
an Arrow without an iron point will penetrate to the depth
even of eight inches into a piece of wood, when fhot from a Turkifh
Bow; while anther Arrow, having an iron point, will not
penetrate near fo deep.|
Solitary 704. Nat. Hift.
Iliad, B. 4, L. 527—3. 13. L. 607.|
Herodotus, pg. 285.|
Clypium ocraeae, lorica, omnia ex aere, hae ut tegumina corporis
effent. Lib. 1.|
See Nicetus, Annal. pg, 66. A. Fol. Paris.|
There is a ftrange error in Gronovius, with refpect to Arrow-heads.
He tells us, that fometimes they were three or four
inches long; and quotes his authority from Statius. Thefe are the
words : —
"Aliquando duobus, tribus, imo quatuor
uncis armabatur; ut legere apud Statium,
" Afpera tergeminis
acies fe condidit uncis."
But this line in Statius
has no reference to the fize of Arrow-heads, very much otherwife, as
the context fhews:
" Prima Tanagraeum turbavit arundo
" Extremo galeoe, primoque in margine parmae
Angufta tranfmiffa via. Stat faucibus unda
" Sanguinis, &
facri facies rubet igne veneni.
" Saevius Eurytion, cui
luminis orbe finiftri
" Afpera tergeminis aries fe condidit
" Ille trahens oculo,"
Thebaid, Lib. 9, L. 745.
Villamont, Voyages du. Liv. 2, pg. 213.|
See Hollinfhead’s Chron. Vol. III. pg. 836.||