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Plate 11
Aboriginal arrows in the University Museum of Anthropology

Fig. 1.—Kiowa, a typical hunting arrow made of a stem or shaft of dogwood 23 inches long by inch in diameter. The head is hoop iron, 3½ inches long by ¾ inch wide, having a short shank bound with sinew inserted in the wood. The feather is that of a hawk and is 5½ inches long, bound at the extremities with sinew. The entire weight is 252 grains. Museum No. 2-4831.

Fig. 2.—Kiowa. Shaft possibly dogwood, 21 inches long, ¼ inch in diameter. The head is a piece of flat bone 6¼ inches long, bound in with sinew. The feathers are hawk, sinew bound, 6½ inches long. This arrow weighs 204 grains. 2-4831.

Fig. 3.—Kiowa. Shaft 26½ inches long, ¼ inch in diameter, same wood as above. The head is of thin brass 2 inches long by⅝ inch in width. The weight of the arrow is 316 grains. 2-4831.

Fig. 4.—Yaqui. Made of a reed 25 inches in length by ½ inch in diameter, having a foreshaft of a heavy dark wood 6 inches in length. There is a sinew binding at the joint. There are no feathers. The weight is 450 grains. 3-1877.

Fig. 5.—Yurok. Shaft of hazel or possibly of "red bud," 29 inches long, by inch in diameter; feathers 5½ inches long. The head is red flint, 1½ by ¾ inches, set in resin and bound with sinew. The weight is 320 grains. 1-1448.

Fig. 6.—Hupa. The wood as above, 29¼ inches long by 11/32 inch diameter. The feathers are 4¾ inches in length, head is of bone 2½ by⅝ inches. The weight is 316 grains. 1-987.

Fig. 7.—Yurok. Shaft possibly hazel, 30 inches long by inch in diameter, having a foreshaft of heavier wood 5½ inches long by ¼ inch in diameter. The feather is 7½ inches in length. The weight is 480 grains. This is a blunt arrow for small game. 1-1448.

Fig. 8.—Yokuts. A bird arrow of unusual type. The shaft is 33 inches long by diameter, having a foreshaft 7 inches in length, on the end of which are lashed four small cross sticks to act as a head, thus in­creasing the pattern of its hitting area. The feathers are unusual in that they are cut parabolic in shape and arranged in a spiral manner on the shaft. This not only helps to rotate the inert head, promoting accuracy and stability of flight, but materially slows and shortens the flight, thus making the arrow easier to find after shooting. 1-10767.