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Plate 13
Arrowheads used in penetration tests

Fig. 1.—Blunt headless arrow, used to gauge striking force. Shot against paraffin.

Fig. 2.—Blunt screw head, bound with wire, used for killing small game.

Fig. 3.—Blunt arrow, tipped with empty 38 caliber shell, used to shoot through board.

Fig. 4.—Regulation English target head or pile.

Fig. 5.—Conical head made of empty rifle jacket.

Fig. 6.—Small steel bodkin point used only in tests.

Fig. 7.—Large steel bodkin, replica of old English, used to pierce metal.

Figs. 8 and 9.—Obsidian hunting heads made by Ishi.

Fig. 10.—Lance-shaped head used to pierce armor.

Fig. 11.—Blunt barbed head, set in shaft with a shank, bound with tinned wire and soldered. Used to kill small game.

Fig. 12.—Ishi steel hunting head.

Figs. 13 and 14.—Steel broadheads, used in killing large game. Still longer and broader heads were used by Mr. Arthur Young and myself in killing bears. The blades on the latter were 3 inches long, 1¼ inches wide by 1/32 inch thick. They were made of spring steel, sharpened with a file to a meat-cutting edge. These blades are set in a steel tubing haft, by a rivet and soft solder. They will stand a great deal of hard usage.

Fig. 15.—A replica of the old English broadhead depicted in the paint­ing of St. Sebastian, plate 1. Its length is 3½ inches, width 2¼ inches, weight, a trifle over 1 ounce.