THE forearm of the archer may be hit by the string in one of three places: on the front of the forearm just below the elbow; on the wrist bone next to the little finger; and just next to the wrist bone.
The forearm just below the elbow may be hit because of one of three things: because of the strength of the bow and the weakness of the archer; because of poor drawing, wherein the archer draws along the length of his arm; and because of a dangling sleeve.
These can be remedied in the case of too strong a bow by using one which the archer can draw without any effort or strain; in the case of the poor method of drawing by correcting the draw; in the case of the dangling garment by turning up the sleeve.
The wrist bone next to the little finger may be hit because of one of three things also: first, because of holding the grip too high in the palm, thereby causing it to be at a distance from the wrist so that the front of the wrist is pushed into the bow; second, because of too long a string; third, because of an irregularity in the lower limb.
These can be remedied by rectifying the manner of holding the grip, in the case of the wrist's being pushed into the bow; by shortening the string if it is too long; and by removing the irregularity of the lower limb according to the instructions given in the preceding section if it suffers from any lack of balance.
The archer's forearm may be hit by the string next to the wrist bone because of one of eight things: thickness of the string; excessive flesh in the palm of the archer; a relaxed condition of his joints; thinness of the grip; crookedness in the grip or in the two siyahs; excessive cold; excessive heat; a loose hold on the grip.
These things can be remedied by making the string thinner if it be thick; by pressing the flesh of the palm if it be excessive; by relinquishing shooting until vigor and strength are regained if the joints happen to be relaxed because of temporary sluggishness; by improving the grip according to the instructions given in the preceding section if it be too thin; by holding the bow so that the width of one and a half fingers of the grip lie above the upper part of the wrist and the width of half a finger below the lower part. If excess of heat or cold be the cause, the remedy lies in wrapping a piece of scraped leather around the grip. This will warm the hand in the case of cold and will absorb its perspiration in the case of heat.
If a loose hold on the grip be the cause, the remedy will lie in tightening the hold.