Every flight arrow should be made of light and stiff wood.
The flight arrows made in this country are not so good as those made in England, because in this country we have not got the same wood as the English use for making good flight arrows, and for this reason there is no flight arrow so good as the English, for their wood is lighter and stiffer than any we have.
Every flight arrow should he feathered with pigeon or dock's feathers, and there is only one quill in each wing fit for the purpose, namely, the first. Properly speaking, a flight arrow is a slight arrow which flies further than any other small feathered arrow, and its head may he of horn or iron; some have three feathers, some six, and others nine. Those with six feathers have the ordinary feathers, like those with three or more, and between them and the horn nocking have three lower feathers, and their heads must be light. Those with nine feathers have them between the higher feathers and the horn nocking, and the more feathers they have, the heavier must the heads be. And in truth they are only for show, as they are worth very little to shoot with. For the best are those with three feathers, and of these there are two sorts; that is to say, the hollow and the solid. The hollow are bored from the head to within three finger's breadth of the feathers; some fill them with lead, others with quicksilver, and these are the most advantageous. The others are solid, and are the most honest to shoot.
For the hollow are deemed dishonourable, owing to the advantage which they give, which is undiscoverable.
These flight arrows have three small fingers' width of feathers close to the nock.